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Independent Uzbekistan

The proclamation of independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan on September 1, 1991, is a landmark in the history of the Republic. On August 31, 1991, the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted the resolution "About Proclamation of State Independence of the Repub­lic of Uzbekistan".

On March 2, 1992, the United Nations adopted a reso­lution to admit the Republic of Uzbekistan into its member­ship. Uzbekistan became a full member of the United Na­tions and was recognised by over 165 states of the world as an Independent state.

The Republic of Uzbekistan has favourable natural and geographical conditions. It is situated in the central part of Central Asia between the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya rivers. The territory of the Republic stretches for 1425 kilometres from west to east and for 930 kilometres from north to south. In the north-east it borders on Kazakhstan, in the east and south-east on Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, in the west on Turkmenistan and in the south on Afghanistan.

Uzbekistan is the republic of sunshine. The climate of Uzbekistan is very hot in summer and very cold in winter.

Temperatures in winter may drop to 33-36 degrees below zero. The hottest summer month is July. The temperature then can reach more than 45 degrees. High summer tem­perature makes it possible to cultivate heat-loving crops such as cotton, grapes, figs, melons, water-melons and others.

Uzbekistan is a multinational republic. The population of Uzbekistan is more than 26 million people.

Uzbekistan has great economic potential from its own resources. In the world production of quality gold, Uzbek gold has recently won two international prizes. Besides gold, other metals like copper, lead, zinc, tungsten and lithium are also produced in Uzbekistan. Even gas, coal and oil are readily available.

Uzbekistan has about 1000 joint ventures with Ger­mans, Koreans, Japanese and many more Turkish, Italian and French companies. The past few years, which have opened a new chapter in Uzbekistan's history, have been by no means easy. It shows that Uzbekistan will gain great achievements in the near future.

 

New WORDS   and   EXPRESSIONS

  1. proclamation –                                                e’lon  qilmoq (qilish)
  2. landmark –                                                     tub burilish
  3. to admit -                                                        qabul qilish 
  4. favourable –                                                   foydali
  5. stretches for –                                                 cho’zilmoq, egallamoq
  6. multinational –                                               ko’pmillatli
  7. potential –                                                      potensial, imkoniyat
  8. recently –                                                        yaqindagina, endigina
  9. lead –                                                              etaklamoq, olib bormoq, ergashtirmoq
  10.  zinc –                                                             ruh (metal)
  11. tungsten –                                                       volfram (metal)
  12.  by no means –                                               (bu erda) hech ham oson bo’lmadi
  13.  gain –                                                             qo’lga kiritmoq
  14. recognised –                                                   (bu erda) tanigan
  15. heat-loving crops –                                         issiqsevar ekinlar