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The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The new Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan was adopted on December 8, 1992.

Article 1 of the constitution says that Uzbekistan is a sovereign democratic republic. The constitution sets the task of creating a democratic rule of law. All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan, regardless of their nationality, constitute the people of Uzbekistan.

All citizens living in the Republic, men and women of all nations and nationalities, have equal rights in the political, economic and cultural spheres.

The right to work together and the right to choose one’s trade or profession are guaranteed to all citizens by article 37.

All citizens have the right to rest. The right is guaranteed in practice by the system of sanatoriums, boarding houses, holiday homes and clubs where people may spend their free time.

Article 39 guarantees pensions for people who are ill or unable to work. A very important right is the right to education, which is guaranteed to all citizens by article 41 of the constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The state guarantees free secondary education. Students of technical schools, institutes and universities receive scholarships.

While guaranteeing these rights to all citizens, the constitution at the same time imposes serious duties on them, such as the duty to work, to keep labour discipline and to defend their country.

According to the results of the referendum which was held on January 27, 2002 and in accordance with the law of the Republic of Uzbekistan from April 24, 2003 passed on the bases of the referendum, the amendments were introduced to chapters XVIII, XIX and XXIII.

The alterations have also been made to articles 76-88 which concern to the role of the Oliy Majlis, its importance, the status and the power of Houses of Parliament.

Articles 89, 90, 93, 95, 96 and 97, which are related to the authority and functions of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, have been altered as well.

 

 

New WORDS   and    EXPRESSIONS

  1. adopted –                                                                 qabul qilingan
  2. sovereign –                                                               suveren
  3. sets the task –                                                           vazifalarni qo’yadi
  4. regardless of –                                                          … dan qatiy nazar
  5. constitute –                                                              tashkil topgan (iborat)
  6. nations and nationalities –                                       millatlar va elatlar
  7. equal rights –                                                            teng huquqlar
  8. spheres –                                                                  sohalar
  9. trade –                                                                      hunarmandchilik, kasb kor
  10. guaranteed –                                                            kafolatlangan
  11. to rest –                                                                    dam olish
  12. boarding houses –                                                    sanatoriyalar
  13. pensions –                                                                nafaqalar
  14. impose –                                           qo’ymoq, belgilamoq (vazifalarni) solmoq (jarima)
  15. labour discipline –                                                    mehnat intizomi
  16. to defend –                                                              himoya qilmoq
  17. amendment –                                                           tuzatishlar, qo’shimchalar
  18. chapter –                                                                  bob
  19. alterations –                                                  o’zgarishlar
  20. related to –                                                               … ga aloqador (bag’ishlangan)
  21. authority and functions –                                         hokimyati va vazifalari